Patrick R. Galloway










Some recent links which cite my articles

This is an eclectic and selective list of links, mostly to recent publications.   Each cites one or more of my articles.  Click on the title for more information. 

Allen, Robert C., et al., eds., Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-being in Asia and Europe, 2005.
"The initial empirical analyses show a variability of reactions within central-northern Italy similar to that already observed in the European countries (Galloway 1988)."-Marco Breschi, Alessio Fornasin, and Giovanna Gonano p. 327.
" Even if peasant were heavily involved in the market, results on historical Europe suggest that they would not have benefited from high prices, because the inverse correlation between production and prices was strong enough that for small producers the benefits of being able to sell at a higher price, were typically offset by the drawbacks of having less to sell (Galloway 1988)."-James Z. Lee and Cameron D. Campbell p. 410.

Alter, George, et al., 'Prices, Crises, and Mortality in the Belgian Ardennes', 1999.
"For example, mortality may have  increased during hard times because hunger lowers resistance to disease, or mortality  may increased because diseases were spread by people who took to the roads looking for work (Galloway 1988)."-George Alter, Michel Oris, and Paul Servais p. 1.


Barbi, Elisabetta, et al., eds., Inverse Projection Techniques: Old and New Approaches, 2004.


Bengtsson, Tommy, and Dribe, Martin,  'Economic Stress and Timing of Childbirth in Europe and Asia', 2006.

"Introduction:  Short-term changes in food prices had a strong impact on fertility in preindustrial populations  (Galloway 1988)."-Tommy Bengtsson and Martin Dribe p. 1.


Bongaarts, John, 'The Causes of Stalling Fertility Transitions', 2005.

"Galloway et al. (1994, 1998) questioned some of the conclusions of the historical study of Europe."-John Bongaarts p.12.


Bongaarts, John and Bulatao, Rodolfo A., eds., National Research Council, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Beyond Six Billion: Forecasting the World's Population, 2000.
"Why mortality would go up and down in these long cycles is not known. One hypothesis is that fluctuations in global weather patterns were responsible. Alternative explanations stress instead the role of fluctuations in the balance and accommodation between infective agents, microbes and vectors, and their human hosts. To the extent that changes in weather patterns affect the diversity and size of infective agents and vectors, these two explanations are complementary (Galloway, 1986)."-National Research Council p. 118.


Brown, John C. and Guinnane, Timothy W., 'Two Statistical Problems in the Princeton Project on the European Fertility Transition', 2003.
"Galloway et al. (1998b, pp.195-208) surveys the methods used in recent research on the fertility transition." John C. Brown and Timothy W. Guinnane p. 3.


Doepke, Matthias, 'Child Mortality and Fertility Decline: Does the Barro-Becker Model Fit the Facts?', 2004.
"The German case is analyzed in more detail by Galloway, Lee, and Hammel (1998), who examine family-level data from Prussia in the period 1875 to 1910. Unlike most empirical studies, Galloway, Lee, and Hammel employ two-stage least squares estimation to deal with potential two-way causality between child mortality and fertility.  In regressions that exploit the cross-sectional variation across cities and districts in their data set, little evidence for a significant relationship of child mortality and fertility is found. On the other hand, when a fixed effect for each district is introduced (so that only the time-series variation in each district is exploited) a strong positive relationship between child mortality and fertility arises."-Matthias Doepki p. 16.

Fertig, Georg, 'Die Struktur des Raumes im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert: Bevölkerung und demographischer Wandel', 2001.

Fogel, Robert W., Nobel Lecture, 'Economic Growth, Population Theory, and Physiology: the Bearing of Long-Term Processes on the Making of Economic Policy', 1993.


Free University of Berlin Reading List.


Hugh, Edward, 'Nasty Brutish and Short', 2007.


Herring, D. Ann, and Swedlund, Alan C., eds., Human Biologists in the Archives: Demography, Health, Nutrition, and Genetics in Historical Populations, 2003.


Jones, Gavin W., et al., eds., The Continuing Demographic Transition, 1997.
"(Galloway et al. 1994) go further, employing historical Prussian data to cast doubt on the basic findings of the Princeton European Fertility Project.  They argue that economic changes did indeed play a central role in Europe's fertility decline."-D. I. Kertzer p.146.


Kulu, Hill, et al., 'Settlement size and fertility in the Nordic countries', 2006.
"Recently, Galloway et al. (1998) analysed the causes of fertility differences in demographic transition Prussia according to the level of urbanisation. The authors showed that in the early 20th century urban fertility was far lower than rural fertility because the major socio-economic characteristics of the population changed more rapidly in the cities – this applies in particular to female labour-force participation (in non-traditional occupations) – and because the effect of these characteristics on fertility was also stronger there." -Hill Kulu, Andres Vikat, and Gunnar Andersson p. 6.


Lee, Ronald, 'The Demographic Transition: Three Centuries of Fundamental Change', 2003.
"At the aggregate level, population growth throughout the regions of the world was slow over the past millennium, but there was a puzzling similarity in long swings about the growth path, such as stagnation in the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries and more rapid growth in the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. While exchanges of disease through exploration and trade may have played some role, global climatic change was probably the main driving force (Galloway, 1986). "-Ronald Lee p. 170.

Leeds Trinity College Reading List.


Liu,Tsui-jung, et al., eds., Asian Population History, 2001.
"In addition to the political factors mentioned above, Galloway (1986) has speculated that climatic change may have played a significant role in determining trends in population growth."-Chris Wilson p. 29.

Low, Bobbi S., Why Sex Matters: A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior, 2000.


Mackensen, Rainer, ed., Bevölkerungsforschung und Politik in Deutschland im 20. Jahrhundert, 2006.


Mackensen, Rainer, and Reulecke, Jürgen, Das Konstrukt "bevölkerung" vor, im und nach dem dritten Reich, 2005.


Maddison, Angus, The World Economy: Historical Statistics, 2003.
"Annual estimates for 1821-61 derived by logarithmic interpolation; average annual growth was .644 per cent.  Galloway's estimates for Northern Italy show an annual growth rate of .703 percent for the period I interpolated."-Angus Maddison p. 30.


Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Reading List.


McCaa, Robert, 'An Essay on Inverse Projection', 2001.


Mokyr, Joel, and Voth, Hans-Joachim, 'Understanding Growth in Europe, 1700-1870: Theory and Evidence', 2006.
"Patrick Galloway (1988) demonstrated that, in many European countries, vital rates were responsive to grain prices in the way the model predicts."-Joel Mokyr and Hans-Joachim Voth p. 7.
"The work of Patrick Galloway (1988) shows that in the middle of the eighteenth century the short-term behavior of British vital rates was no longer very responsive to changes in  prices. This suggests that in contrast with the arguments of growth theorists, the Malthusian regime was falling apart before the Industrial Revolution and not as a response to it."-Joel Mokyr and Hans-Joachim Voth p. 21.

Muenster University Reading List.


Nicolini, Esteban A., 'Was Malthus Right? A VAR Analysis of Economic and Demographic Interactions in Pre-Industrial England', 2006.
"Past research suggest that positive checks were quite important in pre-industrial Europe, but that its magnitude diminished with economic development (Galloway 1988)....Available evidence for pre-industrial Europe in general suggests that the preventive check was quite strong, stable, and insensitive to level of development (Galloway 1988)."-Esteban A. Nicolini pp. 13-14.

Richards, John F., 'The Unending Frontier: An Environmental History of the Early Modern World', 2006.
"Patrick Galloway, an historical demographer, compared long-term annual variations in births, deaths, marriages, and grain prices with seasonal temperatures for England,...,France,...., Prussia, ..., and Sweden.  He found that annual fluctuations in food-grain prices...had a direct impact for a few years on fertility and mortality.... Mortality increased during and for a few years after cold winters and hot summers (Galloway 1994)."-John F. Richards p. 75.

Riley, James C., Bibliography of Works Providing Estimates of Life Expectancy at Birth and Estimates of the Beginning Period of Health Transitions in Countries with a Population in 2000 of at Least 400,000, 2005."In northern Italy, according to Galloway (1994), and in the country as a whole, life expectancy began to rise in the 1870s or 1880s"-James C. Riley p. 61.

Rojek, Chris, et al., eds., The Sage Handbook of Sociology, 2005.


Scheidel, Walter, 'The Greek demographic expansion: models and comparisons',2003.

"Galloway (1988) is the most comprehensive survey."-Walter Scheidel p. 121.


Schultz, T. Paul, The Fertility Transition: Economic Explanations, 2001.

Siegel, Jacob S. and Swanson, David A., eds., The Methods and Materials of Demography, 2004.
"Related work (e.g., Galloway 1988) extended these findings to eight other European countries and showed that cyclical effects of grain prices on mortality eroded by the 19th century."-Stephen G. Perz p. 261.

Turchin, Peter, and Hall, Thomas D., 'Spatial Synchrony Among and Within World-Systems', 2003.
"As we mentioned in the Introduction, one empirical pattern that requires explanation is synchronous changes of empire sizes in West and East Afroeurasia. Ecological theory suggests several hypotheses, the simplest one being the effect of an exogenous global factor—climate. World-system theorists  (Chase-Dunn et al 2000) have already suggested this explanation, but historical  demography (Galloway 1986) presents it in its most developed form."-Peter Turchin and Thomas D. Hall p. 50.

University of California Riverside Reading List.

University of Chicago Reading List.


Copyright © Patrick R. Galloway